The Characteristics Of The Minimalist Music

Minimalist music is loud with static harmonies, a pulse-driven, harps and style static instrumentation. This music has been used in many Hollywood movies, like ' traffic ' Minority Report ', ' and ' Solaris ' as the soundtrack and background score.
History Of Minimalist Music

This music emerged as a reaction to other styles of music, particularly Serialism. The style of music originated from the late 1960s, in Central New York. Minimalism was pioneered by a group of American composers, Michael Nyman and Tom Johnson. Initially it looked up as a form of experimental music which is called the New York School of Hypnotic and later recognized as a style of experimental popular music. This style of music inspired by the minimalist art form.

Composers such as Philip Glass, Steve Reich, Terry Riley, La Monte Young and John Adams was a pioneer in making music is known to the world. Steve Reich developed the phasing effects and experiment with the violin, harmonium, piano, and tape. La Monte Young and Terry Riley, known as a minimalist composer. Young has provided outstanding service to the music Drones.

Minimalist music could go on for hours and could have thousands of notes for Opera. However, a minimalist songs often lies in the range of 6 to 10 minutes. Minimalist composers often use instruments such as Violins, Viola, Cello, guitar, saxophone, Trumpet, Piano, drums, Marimba, Sopranos and tuned percussion s. They experimented with other instruments as well.

Minimalist music is also known by other names such as ' hypnotic ' trance ' music ', ' music ', ' the process modular music ' and ' go ' music venues. ' Minimalist ' title has been highly controversial and has been criticized by many music composers.

The Characteristics Of The Minimalist Music

Single tone: using a static tone all songs is one of the basic features of minimalist music. The shift from one scale to the other slow and realized.

Harmony: Static Harmonies used in this music is usually simple and repetitive. Static harmonies can be described as living on just one chord or even moving back and forth using a set of a few chords.

Steady beat: in the style of minimalist music, beats the same followed throughout the song, or even a plane can be used in the same way. This can be explained with simple words, as a variation in the rhythm of the music.

Single piece minimalist Rhythm: the rhythm of much use the same and the same pulse throughout the song. The use of polyrhythms are also a common feature of minimalist music, where the composer uses two or more rhythms together.

Static Instrumentation: Minimalist composers often use a particular ensemble, with all instruments playing simultaneously.

Phasing: the phasing Effect introduced by Steve Reich and refer to the same part of the song uses two different instruments at different tempos. This creates the effect of echo-like from the first instrument played, creating variation in song.

The additive process: minimalist music tend to start with a repeating pattern and one or two Add-ons that are made in the form of a chord or rhythm. This is usually in the form of 1 + 2, 1 + 2 + 3, 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Another way to do this is also done to slow down the existing pattern.

Dynamics & Timbre: The variety of the music originated with the use of different dynamics and timbre, which use different instruments to play the same chords and change loudness and softness of the song. It makes interesting music prevents it from monotony.

Solid texture: the texture of the song to determine sound quality. This is basically the way in which the harmonies, rhythms, and melodies are used in conjunction as composition. The textures used in heavy and minimalist songs give a sense of seriousness in music.

Looping: this feature is also used for a minimalist pieces. In particular, the sound is looping in the song is repeated throughout the song.

Chords are damaged: many composition using the technique of using chords is broken. This is a technique in which all the notes of the chords aren't played at once but played in no way consistently. This can be done in a way that, one note follows another note or two records that followed by two other notes. They can also be played one after another.

In a nutshell: more Minimalist song silence is based and is expressed only in a few words.

Minimalist music has no real melodies, such as those found in the romantic music and has just one effect is maintained in the sheet music.

This Contribution of minimalist music other music Styles

This music has also spread to other styles of music such as Pop, Punk, Techno, Trance, and Ambient Grime. Psychedelic Rock, Progressive Rock, experimental Rock, Art Rock, and alternative Rock have also been using a repeating structure in their music. The Velvet Undergro

Types Of Music Spain

Music of Spain, for centuries, has been strongly influenced by the culture of France, Germany, and the Moors. All these cultures have left their indelible mark on the music of Spain. Guitar and flamenco are the words that immediately conjure in our minds when we think about music from Spain. But there is more to music than just Spain. Western classical music has been strongly influenced by the music of Spain. The Renaissance period from the 15th until the 17th century saw a great composer Spain a lot of traveling around Europe, especially Italy, and returned to Spain to spread their skills, armed with a superior knowledge of music. The most prominent among the early composer Spain is Tomas Luis de Victoria. The Baroque Era seeing the evolution of the zarzuela, a form of light opera, which became very popular in the 18th century.
Music by region Spain

Every region in Spain has its own different genres and instruments. Let's see in detail the style of music that originated from different regions in Spain.

Galicia, Asturias, and Cantabria
This area is located in Northwest Spain and the music is full of Celtic, Celtic influences has since settled here as early as 1000 BC, All of the instruments, rhythms, and melodies have a decidedly Celtic feel. Traditionally, people in this region using the Gaita (bagpipe), more often in Galicia and Asturias. Tamboril, a percussion instrument, similar to the snare drum, accompanying the Gaita. These instruments are used in the parade and procession. Various types of songs that are played using the Gaita included muineira, carballesa, redonda, ribeirana, chouteira, and contapaso. Galician music is essentially the use of various features of the lute, flute, and violin. The most popular form of Galician music had become alalas. This is a popular, bini even in antiquity the melancholy in nature. As opposed to alala, and the foliada pandeirada fast, happy songs and often played at public meetings.

Andalusia is synonymous with flamenco, arguably the most popular forms of music and dances of Spain throughout the world. Flamenco is derived from Andalusian Gypsies. The guitar is the most important instrument used in flamenco. Cante jondo and cante chico is the most popular type of flamenco songs. Cante jondo, popular in Eastern Andalusia, usually sung by one singer. It is filled with sad lyrics, with the main theme being death and unrequited love. Cante chico, on the other hand, is much more interesting, because it has a fast, dance-oriented beat. Other popular styles include the sevillana and siguiriyas. As its name suggests, originated from Seville and sevillana is a type of folk music. Have, feel-good quality of life and the center of the theme throughout the life of the countryside, especially the girls, love, and the Hajj. With regard to the cante jondo Siguiriyas category and note for rich, colorful style.

Catalonia is the most popular for traditional music, cobla, which accompanies the dance style known as the sardana. Cobla involves the use of Clarinets, and other folk instruments include the tambori and tenora. Other types of genres of music including rumba catalana, which has been developed by the Gypsy Catalonian. It owes its origin to Afro-Cuban style that is popular around the end of the 19th century. Another famous music in the world is sung, havaneres in parties and special events. The story goes that the havaneres was introduced to Spain by sailors, and hence this genre more broadly in the coastal area along the North-East of the country.

Castile, Madrid and Leon
Areas, occupying the Centre of Spain, has been strongly influenced by the Jews, Moors, Celtic, French, Visigoths, and Portuguese music style. Jota, a style that originated in Aragon has a slow tempo. The most common instrument used is the pipe and tabor shawm. Tuna is a popular type of serenade, played by students, and comes from the city of Salamanca. Guitar, bandurria and tambourine, traditionally used to play tuna. Chotis, both types of music and dance forms, thrives in Madrid.

The Basque country has a long musical history, and the Basque country famous for their songs, especially their choir. Txitsu, txalaparta and alboka is a traditional musical instrument native to the Basque music. Txitsu is a kind of flutes that emit sounds shrill, and is usually played with one hand. Txalaparta is a percussion instrument with wooden planks and sticks, while the alboka is in the shape of horns. Music related to the trikitixa, the genres of dance, is another very popular form of music in the Basque country.

The most famous style of music originating in Aragon is the jota. It is played using a guitar, bandurria, tambourine, and Castanet, accompanied with singing. Characterized by repetitive drum beats, Aragon music influenced by Berber living d

Music and Visual Elements

In the 21st century we can barely conceive music without visual support. Each song has a video, usually in the case of music with lyrics, in the case of electronic music, we may be familiar with the idea that, for example, electronic music parties all have a visual. So we do not separate the music from the picture. And these images are usually moving. But of course, things are very different in the past.

Thus, we can mention the Herder who wrote in "Kalligone" that the world voice annihilates the visual world. Nietzsche also says that everything that forms the visible world searching for her soul lost in the music. Ribot was a little more cautious about this theory. According to him, those who have a culture of good love music music doesn't have a visual representation when listening to their favorite music. Any relationship between music and mental representation may be intentional and temporary.

People share ideas mentioned above said that they could not see anything while listening to music. They got too much lost in a world of sound, following the rhythms and harmonies of live music to create a visually in their minds. They see nothing but just listen, they belong fully to the world their own impressions. In this case, some people said that the main purpose of music is to strengthen our deepest feelings, dominant and mind.

According to Ribot are the same, those who do not have too much music and culture has a somewhat musical tastes evolve, can indeed have very obvious musical representation. For example, if someone hears military marches in the distance, people tend to imagine the regiment marched. Or while listening to one of Beethoven's sonata, one can imagine a noisy place, or a storm. So there's the antithesis assumes that Ribot is strong between the visual and sound imagination. We can say also that there is a contradiction between the art of time and space art.

Music, emotional language, is a chain of voices, a mental state that to be understood should be raised in the human conscience affective events that match moods.The passing of the composer's spirit and difficulty, and she in return came with the music of her inner life Variant. Even so, as Delacroix said, there are certain individuals who need music associated with visual elements. For these people, the image may take the form of a small drama of the story is very emotional. Musical forms can determine the shape of the story. Just like emotions, images can also rely on the rhythm and sound variations.

Also, we may be aware of the fact that there is a certain separation between thought and imagery. Our capacity to think really can function without the endless chain of images. Images can represent only a fragment of the spirit. But in order for the human brain to create or recreate certain images when listening to music, it needs a rest, are in a critical state, kind of enthusiasm. Otherwise, if the person is feeling too tired, he/she is not even able to remember things at the bottom of the visual form.

As far as the musicians are concerned, their views on this matter may be very different. While some people say that music experts do not have a visual representation of the piece of music, which is one of the things amateur do, other musicians agreed to the contrary, that the music and the images are very related, and there can be no one without the other. Rhene-Baton for example says that when he wrote this work, he used to look at things and gestures, and this happens every time he listens to a piece of music.

Of course, for most music experts, who focus on the way in which a particular piece of music composed and how it is played, there also could not require a visual to support their perception of the music. But for many people, music and the visual elements which are very related. Thus, the image created in the minds of people by their voices listened to form a small drama, short stories with emotional content.

Music, language and dance-Three means of Expressing Emotions

Musicians must deal primarily with emotion. This is too many musicians to be a realist. These are some of the opinions shared by Henri Delacroix, author of "The Psychology of Art".
Debussy is said to be precisely hit the landscape while walking across the landscape. She used to change nature into harmony of sounds and emotions. Probably more often than in other arts, in music landscape is actually a certain feeling. In this regard, we can mention what George Sand used to say about Chopin's genius, that is filled with a mysterious natural harmony, translated into the minds of his music by the equivalent of sublime and not devote themselves sound rendering by the exterior.

On the island of Majorca, because he was waiting for George Sand and her children have been caught in a terrible storm, he improvises opener. He imagines himself lying on a frozen lake. Big, heavy rain and cold will fall rhythmically on her chest. When he was told that the scene is reflected in fact caused by the sound of real life, that rain water falling on the monastery, Chopin said tiling is not like that at all. However, Chopin's compositions inspired by that night it resounds of rain water fell on the tile, but they got translated into Chopin's imagination and songs with tears falling from the sky to his heart.

As far as the bird is concerned, songs mimic this sound could have a pragmatic explanation. The Hunter mimics the sound of birds for obvious reasons mostly, even animals such as cats can imitate the sound of birds to capture prey more easily. The sound of birds calling actually are imitated. But this action mimics the sound of birds also can have a magical dimension. So, with the sounds of animals who can request things like heat or rain. This imitation can also be part of the game. Bird song ' only music to the ears of music. Does the music for the birds too? The bird is not capable of transposing sounds. The bird is a kind of chained at the peak of a very sound on its own. The bird is not capable of unifying motive them to melody. They can't build a phrase of music. So the music sound imitations of birds and animals implies interpretation and stylizing.

As far as human speech is concerned, some people say that the human voice can also hide the songs in it. Music can mimic the feeling with the following inflections of language, movement and rhythm of the discourse. All of that must be done is to increase the strength and intensity and dramatizes it for a bit. The primitive songs have a somewhat monotonous character. They relate to speak. We can conclude that during pre-historic times the music is a little overkill though, the very language of passion. This is split vertically and smoothly from the emotions. In other words, a combination of sound has no intrinsic meaning, different and independent from the structure of the human being.

The music was not born out of the language. On the barbaric, primitive people, music is often accompanied by the sound means that is only meant to make vocalizations. Also, Delacroix says, wildly treats the words and sentence structure with an incredible freedom. But the music is very different from spoken language and certainly not derived from it. Music may come out of the dynamic of the whole of life itself, the human mind, and let's say that music really comes from the music itself, such as Henri Delacroix said. This stems from the creation of the melody and harmony of the world of sound.

The music is usually accompanied by dance. Children, or adults who want to return to the primitive simplicity of infantile life, expressing their joy through dance. Thus, a strong and stimulating feelings usually transform into an irregular movement and living, usually the jump, cry, and so on.

But regardless of the type of dance floor, we also find the elation, imitating or the kind of dramatic dance and last but not least, the usual type of dance, the art of dance. However, all three ways of expressing human emotions we are not just unique in itself, but it also created, under certain conditions.

About Rhythm

The term "rhythm", taken from the Greek "ῥυθμός" - "rhythmos", designates any kind of regular and recurrent symmetrical motion. It could also be described as an orderly succession of regulated movements, of both weak and strong elements. Many cyclical natural phenomena can be said to possess this kind of general time and recurrence pattern. Starting from microseconds to millions of years, most anything can be measured by periodicity or frequency.

Rhythm occurs of course in the performance arts. There, it represents the way events are timed on our human scale. Musical sounds and silences are also timed by rhythm, as well as the steps of a certain dance or the meters of poetry or mostly any kind of spoken language. Visual presentation can be referred to by rhythm as a sort of time-measured space movement. Many scholars have recently initiated researches on the subject of rhythm and musical meter. In this respect, we could mention books written by Maury Yeston, Jonathan Kramer, Christopher Hasty, William Rothstein, Joel Lester, Fred Lerdahl and Ray Jackendoff.

In his well-known work entitled "Arbeit und Rhythmus", Bücher writes about his having reached the conclusion "that while in the first stages of their development labor, music and poetry were usually blended, labor was the predominant element, the others being only of secondary importance." He also explains that labor is actually the true origin of poetry. Indeed, if we consider the sounds and breathing exercises primitive people made as they worked, we could say that labor indeed may have represented a primitive form of singing and dancing.

However, rhythm could not possibly be enough to explain the complexity of music and dance. Rhythm is likely to provide the framework, the articulation, the connecting principle. Nonetheless, rhythm needs to give shape to a certain sensorial matter. It can turn the musical phrase into something unified and individual, it may confer value and importance to the succession of sounds. In a way, we may say that rhythm is actually the string that bears the diversely-colored, shaped and sized beads. Indeed, rhythm needs to assemble all these sensitive values.

Rhythm is a deep function that governs all our forms of perception and movement. Some say that there isn't any such thing as a musical rhythm. However, there isn't any rhythm that could not actually be part of a musical form. That is why rhythm has so much power. it introduces in music the very life of psychological states of mind. Both intellectually and effectively, rhythm introduces the entire rich variety full of nuances of the emotions and intellectual moods; it is in fact the diverse order of thinking and feelings.

The chief conductor imposes his rhythm to his orchestra. According to Henri Delacroix, a conductor can invest time with rhythm. He is at the same time the mime and the dancer of the music performed at his very own command. A conductor's entire body actually reproduces rhythm. With one hand, he reproduces time and strength; with the other hand, the traits of grace and mildness; in his muscles various spirits spread out which within music are mixed and agitated. The conductor imposes his text upon his instrument players, and at the same time translates this text to the great audience, which can follow the movement of his arms and of his shoulders. So the conductor has the task to direct both his listeners and his musicians towards the musical realm.

Howard Goodall explains in his series entitled How Music Works Howard Goodall, certain theories according to which human rhythm actually reminds us of the mother's heartbeat heard in the womb, or of the regular steps we take as we walk. Also, London says that musical meter is related to our initial perception as well as to the following anticipation of some beats that we get abstracted from the music's rhythm surface as it displays itself in time. According to neurologist Oliver Sacks, chimpanzees or other animals are not endowed with this sense of rhythm. However, in the case of humans this sense is fundamental, and can by no means be lost by accident. He also adds that the human rhythmical performance arts could have their roots in some ancient courtship rituals.